Why is a Thyroid Gland important?

June 3, 2019

 

The thyroid gland is located near the trachea (windpipe) and it produces different thyroid hormones including thyroxine (T4) and T3. Thyroid hormones are important for metabolism, growth and development, therefore they affect

* body temperature regulation

* fat metabolism

weight gain and loss

* heart rate 

* reproduction

* growth development in young animals 

* skin health 

* muscle tone 

 

Did you know that DOGS are more likely to suffer from Hypothyroidism and CATS are more likely to suffer from Hyperthyroidism? 

 

So what’s the difference?

 

Hypothyroidism 

Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid gland, is usually caused by inflammation or deterioration of the thyroid gland and results in decreased production of thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism usually occurs in middle-aged, medium to large breed dogs.

 

Symptoms 

Typical symptoms of hypothyroid dogs include sluggishness, putting on weight but not eating a lot, feel cold easily and tend to seek out warmth, a poor quality coat and hair loss.

 

Treatment 

Treatment involves oral replacement thyroid hormone medication.

 

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism, or an overactive thyroid gland, occurs more commonly in older cats. Feline hyperthyroidism is almost always due to a benign tumour in the thyroid gland, which stimulates the gland to produce too much hormone.

 

Symptoms

High levels of thyroid hormones create a faster metabolism which shows up in the body as increased hunger, thirst and urination, weight loss despite a good appetite, hyperactivity, unkempt coat and sometimes vomiting and diarrhoea.

 

Treatment 

There are several options for treatment available including oral medication, a prescription diet containing a reduced iodine content or a referral for radioactive iodine (I-131) treatment.

 

Diagnosis 

How do I know my pet has hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism? If they are showing some of the described symptoms, we may suggest doing some blood tests including a Total T4 level to assess your pets thyroid hormone levels.

Call us on 3208 9233 to make an appointment to get your pet checked out. Our in house blood laboratory can get these results within 10 minutes. 

 

 

 

Share on Facebook
Share on Twitter
Please reload

Featured Posts

Pet Insurance - Claim on the spot and only pay the gap!

September 9, 2019

1/6
Please reload

Recent Posts

October 30, 2019

September 22, 2019

September 18, 2019

September 17, 2019

September 4, 2019

Please reload

Archive
Please reload

Search By Tags